Gum Disease

Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is caused by the buildup of plaque on teeth, leading to inflammation and gums infection. If left untreated, gum disease can cause serious damage to teeth, gums, and bone, leading to tooth loss and other health complications.

Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease is caused by plaque buildup, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth and gums. Poor oral hygiene, including irregular brushing and flossing, can cause plaque buildup. Other factors that can increase the risk of developing gum disease include smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications, diabetes, and genetic factors.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

The symptoms of gum disease can vary depending on the severity of the condition. In its early stages, gum disease may cause mild symptoms such as redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. As the condition progresses, it may cause more severe symptoms such as bad breath, receding gums, loose teeth, and pus between teeth and gums.

Treatment of Gum Disease

Treatment for gum disease depends on the severity of the condition. In its early stages, gum disease can often be treated with good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing and flossing and regular dental cleanings. More advanced cases may require more invasive treatments such as deep cleaning, antibiotics, and surgery to remove damaged tissue and repair bone loss.

Prevention of Gum Disease

Preventing gum disease starts with good oral hygiene practices. Brushing twice daily, flossing daily, and using mouthwash can help remove plaque and prevent the buildup of harmful bacteria. Eating a balanced diet, avoiding smoking, and visiting the dentist regularly for cleanings and check-ups can also help prevent gum disease. By taking good care of your teeth and gums, you can reduce your risk of developing gum disease and maintain a healthy smile for years to come.

Schedule an appointment with Dr. Paul Fotek today to assess your gum health and learn about our holistic approach to your oral care.